Brunswick House First Nation Land Code

Brunswick House First Nation (BHFN) has developed its community Land Code in order to replace the land management provisions of the Indian Act.


The BHFN Land Code is being developed in keeping with the Framework Agreement on First Nations Land Management (Framework Agreement), which is a government-to-government agreement with Canada that allows First Nations to resume and exercise their own jurisdiction, control and decision making over their lands and resources.


Currently, the Department of Indian Affairs manages land and natural resources on our reserve lands under the Indian Act.  We want to change that, and place governance of our lands and resources where it belongs, with BHFN members.

How Does it All Work?

  • BHFN will develop a Land Code to replace the land management provisions of the Indian Act;

  • BHFN will enter into an Individual Agreement with Canada that describes the specifics of the transfer of administration between Canada and BHFN;

  • BHFN Members will then need to ratify (vote on) the Land Code and Individual Agreement in order to take control of our lands

There are many benefits to the BHFN Land Code, including:


  1. Making timely business and administrative decisions without having to go to the Minister of Indian Affairs for approval.  

  2. Enable our Nation to enact and enforce sound environmental management and protection laws.

  3. Protecting our Nation against arbitrary expropriation of our reserve lands.

  4. Click here for more benefits of our BHFN Land Code!

The Framework Agreement will not affect any treaty rights or Aboriginal rights. We will still retain our tax exemption status.

Land Management under a land code DOES apply to:

  • Interests and licenses for land and natural resources

  • Revenue and expenditures

  • Zoning, land use, subdivisions, land development

  • Environmental Assessment

  • Environmental Protection

  • Transfers, including wills and estates

  • Matrimonial property

  • Dispute resolution

  • Enforcement

  • Administration & accountability, including conflict of interest rules and delegated authority

Land Management under a Land Code DOES NOT apply to:

  • Oil and natural gas

  • Atomic energy

  • Migratory birds

  • Endangered species

  • Fisheries

  • Taxation exemptions and powers

  • Any lands except reserve lands